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witness and assistance in the Church’s ministry of charity did not accompany it. Thus St. John Paul II affirms both: “This is at the very heart of the diaconate to which you have been called: to be a servant of the mysteries of Christ and, at one and the same time, to be a servant of your brothers and sisters . That these two dimensions are inseparably joined together in one reality shows the important nature of the minis try which is yours by ordination.” 40 39. The deacon’s service in the Church’s ministry of charity is integral to his service in the Church’s ministry of Word and Liturgy. “The three contexts of the diaconal ministry . . . represent a unity in service at the level of divine Revelation: the ministry of the word leads to ministry at the altar, which in turn prompts the transformation of life by the liturgy, resulting in charity.” 41 “As a [participant] in the one eccle siastical ministry, [the deacon] is a specific sacramental sign, in the Church, of Christ the Servant. His role is to ‘express the needs and desires of the Christian communities’ and to be ‘a driving force for service, or diakonia ,’ which is an essential part of the mission of the Church.” 42 The ancient tradition appears to indicate that, because the deacon was the servant at the table of the poor, he had his distinctive liturgical roles at the Table of the Lord. Similarly, there is a reciprocal correspondence between his role as a herald of the Gospel and his role as an articulator of the needs of the Church in the Universal Prayer. The service of charity is twofold: it is ministering to both the spiritual and physical needs of others. “This charity is both love of God and love of neighbor . . . . All around us many of our brothers and sisters live in either spiritual or material poverty or both. So many of the world’s people are oppressed by injustice and the denial of their fundamental human rights. Still others are troubled or suffer from a loss of faith in God, or are tempted to give up hope.” 43 Today especially, “the min istry of deacons is particularly valuable, since today the spiritual and material needs of man, to which the Church is called to respond, are greatly diversified.” 44 As Pope Benedict XVI reminds us, “Charity is love received and given.” 45 The deacon thus symbolizes in his roles the grounding of the Church’s life in the Eucharist and the mission of

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